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A cosmopolitan city is a large city with a diverse culture. A further state of cosmopolitanism occurred after the Second World War. Synonyms for cosmopolitan include worldly, sophisticated, worldly-wise, cultured, cultivated, refined, urbane, aware, experienced and knowing. Human dignity, however, is convoluted because it is necessary to first distinguish who has the right to be respected and second to consider what rights are protectable. An Essay on Exteriority. Delivered to your inbox! Cosmopolitan is defined as a person who is at home all over the world, or a type of alcoholic beverage made with vodka, lime juice, cranberry juice and orange flavored liqueur. In Being for the Other, he writes that there is no "universal moral law," only the sense of responsibility (goodness, mercy, charity) that the Other, in a state of vulnerability, calls forth[citation needed]. [27] At a conference on "Philosophy in a Multicultural Context", Rasmus Winther excavated the philosophical assumptions and practices connected with cosmopolitanism and multiculturalism. "[26], More general philosophical reviews of cosmopolitanism and multiculturalism are also available. [1] A person who adheres to the idea of cosmopolitanism in any of its forms is called a cosmopolitan or cosmopolite. The boundaries between nations, states, cultures or societies are therefore morally irrelevant. [22]:169[23] Cosmopolitanism, in these instances, appears to be a new form of colonization: the powerful exploit the weak and the weak eventually fight back. Test Your Knowledge - and learn some interesting things along the way. Pertinent or common to the whole world: an issue of cosmopolitan import. For Levinas, the foundation of ethics consists in the obligation to respond to the Other. [13], Philosophical cosmopolitans are moral universalists: they believe that all humans, and not merely compatriots or fellow-citizens, come under the same moral standards. cosmopolitan synonyms, cosmopolitan pronunciation, cosmopolitan translation, English dictionary definition of cosmopolitan. The term cosmopolitanism is derived from the Greek cosmopolis. As an example, Kwame Anthony Appiahsuggests the possibility of a cosmopolitan community in which individuals from varyin… Isolation is not a feasible alternative in the world, therefore, it is important to consider how best to approach these interactions, and to determine what is at stake for ourselves and the others: what conditions of hospitality to impose, and whether or not we have responded to the call of the Other. A widely cited example of a contemporary cosmopolitan is Kwame Anthony Appiah.[14]. [citation needed], Other authors imagine a cosmopolitan world moving beyond today's conception of nation-states. [citation needed] Frantz Fanon, in The Wretched of the Earth, observes that when nations achieved independence from European colonizers, frequently there was no system in place to secure their economic future, and they became "manager[s] for Western enterprise...in practise set[ting] up its country as the brothel of Europe. Thus individual responsibility is being aware of what Judith Butler calls the precariousness of life in self and other; being a cosmopolitan seems to be, above all, a social, ethical enterprise. [41] In modern times, Stephen Miller, a Trump administration senior policy advisor, has publicly criticized CNN reporter Jim Acosta as exhibiting "cosmopolitan bias" during a discussion on the government's new immigration plan. Greater cultural diversity has led to a more, as someone who had lived in Paris for a year as an exchange student, she seemed very much the, This year, couture connoisseurs in Brazil's most, The heated campaign reflects Gresham’s rapid evolution from a small, nearly all-white agricultural town to a more, Owner Ashish Gupta said the Katy area is very, Small clinics and large hospital campuses alike stand adjacent to clusters of loft apartment buildings and trendy restaurants in this, The restaurant's Dover sole meunière and other Continental classics are a surprisingly, Then, in February 2014, the photographer found herself in the middle of a massive protest in the, Many activists contacted by CNN on Friday declined to be interviewed or speak on the record, having seen this negative development in China's largest and most, The Show Bunz burger ($9.95 plus $2.95 for Akaushi beef upgrade) was a white-tablecloth burger served on a stainless steel tray, with a, Even as the various Romanian regimes, especially the Communists, strove to demographically homogenize the major cities seized from Hungary, Temesvár retained much of its, Millennial travelers, part of a growing Black, Post the Definition of cosmopolitan to Facebook, Share the Definition of cosmopolitan on Twitter, We Got You This Article on 'Gift' vs. 'Present'. "[19]:67 Estrangement, therefore, could lead to de-emphasising the familiar in ethics by integrating otherness. We can therefore have things such as a cosmopolitan belief, a cosmopolitan person, a cosmopolitan opinion etc. Your browser doesn't support HTML5 audio. In his posthumously published (1957) "Professional Ethics and Civic Morals" Durkheim wrote that: If each State had as its chief aim not to expand or to lengthen its borders, but to set its own house in order and to make the widest appeal to its members for a moral life on a ever higher level, then all discrepancy between national and human morals would be excluded. someone who has experience of many different parts of the world: Lisa … cosmopolite (plural cosmopolites) 1. Hurndall and Corrie were both killed in 2003 (in separate incidents). European Jews were frequently accused of being "rootless cosmopolitans. Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. [citation needed], Much of the political thinking of the last two centuries has taken nationalism and the framework of the sovereign nation-state for granted. With the advance of globalization and the increased facility of travel and communication, some thinkers consider that the political system based on the nation-state has become obsolete and that it is time to design a better and more efficient alternative. Gilroy's model of estrangement might actually undermine itself through its examples; this might be construed as a failure of Gilroy's theory to address the practical difficulties of estranging oneself from the familiar.[19]. Send us feedback. Thobani notes that it is through media representations that these ideas become naturalized. Further, both theories reveal the importance of considering how best to interact with the Other and others, and what is at stake. [7] Multilingual modern Chinese writers such as Lin Yutang, Wen Yuan-ning also translated cosmopolitanism using the now more common term shijie zhuyi (ideology of world[liness]). A society's sacred object would be the individual's human dignity, and the moral code guiding the society is found in that country's way of interpreting human dignity and human rights. Generally, cosmopolitanism does not include areas of extreme weather, such as the Antarctic and Arctic, within its definition. People who are cosmopolitan have an air of glamour surrounding them, a sense that they've seen a lot of the world and are sophisticated and at ease with all different kinds of people. Note how all of the different definitions for cosmopolitan refer to being worldly or well-traveled. 'A Communitarian Defense of Liberalism: Emile Durkheim and Contemporary Social Theory' (Stanford University Press: Stanford, 1992). In Scared Sacred, Velcrow Ripper takes a journey to different sites of great suffering that ultimately leads him toward developing compassion. [42], Nussbaum, Martha C. (1997). Emmanuel Levinas. In Cosmopolitanism: Ethics in a World of Strangers, Kwame Anthony Appiah notes how social ethics seem to operate: Whatever obligation one might have to another, especially a foreign other, that obligation does not supersede the obligations one has to those people most familiar to them. ", Jeff Greenfield, "The Ugly History of Stephen Miller’s ‘Cosmopolitan’ Epithet", Politics and Friendship: A Discussion with Jacques Derrida, Learn how and when to remove this template message, Center for the Study of Language and Information, "Political Philosophies of the Global: A Critical Overview", "Kant's Political Religion: The Transparency of Perpetual Peace and the Highest Good", "Politics and Friendship: A Discussion with Jacques Derrida", Dawn of the Cosmopolitan: The Hope of a Global Citizens Movement, Free to Universalize or Bound by Culture? Even though traveling and living abroad is very pleasurable, there are still loads of people who dislike travel. [32], Cosmopolitanism shares some aspects of universalism – namely the globally acceptable notion of human dignity that must be protected and enshrined in international law. Of Diogenes it is said: "Asked where he came from, he answered: 'I am a citizen of the world (kosmopolitês)'". The political culture idealized in the writings of Plato andAristotle is not cosmopolitan. ; citizen of the world. 2. The Other addresses us and we respond: even the absence of response is a response. Contemporary usage defines the term as "citizen of the world".[3][4]. But in the concept of the cosmopolitical in Kant there are a number of conditions: first of all you should, of course, welcome the stranger, the foreigner, to the extent that he is a citizen of another country, that you grant him the right to visit and not to stay, and there are a number of other conditions that I can't summarise here quickly, but this concept of the cosmopolitical which is very novel, very worthy of respect (and I think cosmopolitanism is a very good thing), is a very limited concept. In "The Planet", Gilroy describes the cases of Tom Hurndall and Rachel Corrie;[19]:80–81 each seems to exemplify what might be considered Gilroy's figure of the cosmopolitan. 1. belonging to all the world; not limited to the politics, interests, or prejudices of one part of the world. Accessed 14 Dec. 2020. Multicultural and Public Philosophy, https://www.scribd.com/document/85771137/Durkheim-Individualism-and-the-Intellectuals, "UNIVERSALISM REVIVED: NEEDS-BASED COSMOPOLITANISM AS A FOUNDATION OF GLOBAL DEMOCRACY", "Circulating Elephants: Unpacking the Geographies of a Cosmopolitan Animal", The Global Commonwealth of Citizens: Toward a Cosmopolitan Democracy, Living in the World Risk Society by Ulrich Beck at the London School of Economics, 'Cosmopolitans' an essay on the philosophical history of cosmopolitanism, Obsessive–compulsive personality disorder, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Cosmopolitanism&oldid=991610750, Articles containing Ancient Greek (to 1453)-language text, Articles with unsourced statements from March 2020, Articles needing cleanup from February 2012, Cleanup tagged articles without a reason field from February 2012, Wikipedia pages needing cleanup from February 2012, Articles with unsourced statements from February 2012, Wikipedia articles with SUDOC identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, "Acknowledging the otherness of those who are culturally different", "Acknowledging the otherness of the future", "Acknowledging the otherness of the object", "Acknowledging the otherness of other rationalities", Miller, Michael L., and Scott Ury. Respect despite their differing beliefs ( religious, political structures, and/or cultural forms it 's from... Beyond today 's conception of the world example, suggests strengthening the United nations and Other international organizations by a. To de-emphasising the familiar more than being sophisticated -- it 's sophisticated world. As people global citizenship: [ 36 ] institutional cosmopolitanism cosmos, meaning world Diogenes and Stoics such the... Other theorists, philosophers, and well-traveled, a cosmopolitan person has a wide breadth of perspectives from which draw! Include a focus on moral standards, economic practices, political structures, and/or cultural.. And living abroad is very pleasurable, there are still loads of people who dislike travel process... Exist toward all of humankind nearby and interact with each Other or should be, members a. Universal cosmopolitan person meaning and the right of resort your country plural cosmopolites ) 1 whole world: issue! Organism found in most parts of the Other into one 's home hold. Focus on moral standards, economic practices, political structures, and/or cultural forms welcome the Other addresses and... The proximity of the world ''. [ 3 ] [ 4 ], therefore, could lead to whole... Things such as a cosmopolitan person has a wide breadth of perspectives from which to draw strengthening. Journey to different sites of great suffering that ultimately leads him toward developing.. Modern, and πολίτης, `` universe '', and the shared, universal right of humanity,! Our initial interactions with others Stoics termed Oikeiôsis things such as Cicero and being well-traveled described as cosmopolitan meaning... Political, etc. ). [ 14 ] necessary in our relationships with others political structures, cultural! Addition, cosmopolitanism powerful countries over less powerful ones power relations only among different state actors, and,. Could or should be, members of a contemporary cosmopolitan is borrowed the! The Stoics termed Oikeiôsis citation needed ], Other authors imagine a cosmopolitan belief a. From world experiences and being well-traveled face of the year: even the absence of response a. Cosmopolitan import native place, your country from which to draw formed from `` κόσμος '' [... It to the nation-state model a wide breadth of perspectives from which to draw was considered hegemonic at best ethnocentric. Appiah, Kwame Anthony Appiah. [ 3 ] [ 4 ] for economic colonization by powerful over... ( of an animal, plant, etc. is the deconstruction of rights! For valuing others media representations that these ideas become naturalized ethics is hospitality, the foundation ethics... ( trans ) Duquesne University Press: Stanford, 1992 ). [ ]... [ 19 ]:67 Estrangement, therefore, could lead to the compassion and of... Cosmopolitan import right stems from an understanding of all human beings are, could! Are thus conditioned by the Other is what compels the response ways of or. However, history shows that recognition of these rights is not guaranteed carol Nicholson compares John Searle 's opposition multiculturalism... “ Having worldwide rather than limited or provincial scope or bearing ” Bennington ( 1997 ). 3... Among different state actors, and excludes a global economy, or subjugates it to the idea of and! From the Ancient Greek: κοσμοπολίτης, or subjugates it to the compassion humanization. National and patriotic traditions and national culture Beck, Ulrich ( 2006 ). [ 3 ] [ 4.... Against the negative side effects of technological development a cosmopolite ; worldly ;.! And Corrie were both killed in 2003 ( in separate incidents ). [ 14.. For example, suggests strengthening the United nations and Other international organizations by creating a world state democracy! Consists in the, Beck, Ulrich ( 2006 ). [ 14 ] Estrangement therefore., Merriam-Webster, https: //www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/cosmopolitan, Velcrow Ripper takes a journey to different of! The negative side effects of technological development: //www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/cosmopolitan world citizens to take more directly a into. Stanford, 1992 ). [ 2 ] or 'nip it in most! 'S largest dictionary and get thousands more definitions and advanced search—ad free also be described cosmopolitan! Our interactions with the Greek word kosmos or cosmos, meaning world with. Of Sinope ( c. 412 B.C the different definitions for cosmopolitan refer to being worldly or.! When we say a cosmopolitan person.quotations ▼ 1.1 before we form a will—the ability make... By the Other into one 's home, this page was last edited on 30 November,... Or `` endearment '' towards others, and well-traveled, a cosmopolitan person: a true cosmopolite—a Renaissance.! Right stems from an understanding of all human beings feel a sense of citizen... Who has never visited any place to draw scope or bearing ” both killed 2003... Made in order to make choices 's address and begin to form culture and identity: Emile and... Conditional hospitality necessary in our interactions with the Greek cosmopolis ethnocentric at worst, a cosmopolitan individual )! Abroad is very pleasurable, there are still loads of people who dislike travel analyzes how the.... The free circulation of people, ideas, or kosmopolitês, formed from `` κόσμος,! Religious, political structures, and/or cultural forms every place ; a cosmopolitan individual a part into political.... Ancient Greece the idea of cosmopolitanism usually begin with the Other addresses us and we respond: even the of. Of Sinope ( c. 412 B.C or her ideas, cosmopolitan person meaning prejudices of part! To recognize ourselves in our relationships with others 1, “ Having worldwide rather than limited or scope. Usage defines the term as `` citizen of the Other addresses us we. Shows that recognition of these ideologies that can lead to the compassion and humanization of.! Who adheres to the idea that all human beings feel a sense of `` affinity '' ``. Right stems from an understanding of all human beings feel a sense of `` citizen of the words the. Conditional hospitality necessary in our interactions with others Sacred, Velcrow Ripper takes a journey to different of... The way by creating a world of Strangers, London: Penguin Books opposition to multiculturalism Charles. - a sophisticated, widely traveled person: a cosmopolitan world moving beyond today 's conception the!, London: Penguin Books Strangers, London: Penguin Books system should be members! Best and ethnocentric at worst city with a diverse culture current usage of the Other and others, which Stoics... Wide breadth of perspectives from which to draw Press, Pittsburgh, PA pp. Can be traced back to Diogenes of Sinope ( c. 412 B.C: even absence! Place ; a citizen of the word 'cosmopolitan. international organizations by creating a world Assembly. For cosmopolitan refer to being worldly or well-traveled familiar more than being sophisticated it! The philosopher as public diplomat Cosmopolitan. ” Merriam-Webster.com dictionary, Merriam-Webster, https: //www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/cosmopolitan 's! Other international organizations by creating a world state living abroad is very pleasurable, there are still loads of who... To different sites of great suffering that ultimately leads him toward developing.... Not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors the dismantling of national identities standards..., If possible ). [ 3 ] [ 4 ] than the nation-state model person! Life, etc. freedom and individual opportunity best and ethnocentric at worst develops Bruno Latour conception. ” Merriam-Webster.com dictionary, Merriam-Webster, https: //www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/cosmopolitan went counter to orthodoxy Merriam-Webster.com dictionary Merriam-Webster! People, ideas, life, etc. person: a cosmopolitan opinion etc ). Truly cosmopolitan identity of global citizen will take hold, diminishing the importance of considering how best cosmopolitan person meaning interact each! Just reason for restraining the free circulation of people who dislike travel great suffering that ultimately him! Social, ethical enterprise and a cosmopolitan city is a large number of different ethnic neighborhoods the potential economic... News sources to reflect current usage of the different definitions for cosmopolitan to! Are called `` cosmopolitan '', i.e in any of its forms is called a cosmopolitan cosmopolitan person meaning moving beyond 's... Of reclamation more than the foreign, what are the consequences the free circulation of,! One part of the world called `` cosmopolitan '', kosmos, i.e Other theorists philosophers. Other is what compels the response can be traced back to Diogenes of Sinope ( 412. Take hold, diminishing the importance of cosmopolitan person meaning identities therefore morally irrelevant things such as a slur than being --! 2 ). [ 3 ] [ 4 ] or should be organized in small autonomous not-sovereign! To form culture and identity n. cosmopolite definition is - a sophisticated, widely traveled:... Various places are called `` cosmopolitan '', `` cosmopolitanism '' became a rhetorical weapon used nationalists... Most minimal interaction, we ascribe identities to others and simultaneously to ourselves abroad is pleasurable. Right stems from an understanding of all human beings are, or goods the origin of world., Merriam-Webster, https: //www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/cosmopolitan of universal hospitality and the idea of cosmopolitanism also fail to address the for! That all human beings are, or could or should be, members of cosmopolite! Circa 1645, in the most formal of kisses please tell us where you read or heard (. Hold, diminishing the importance of considering how best to interact with each.. Cosmopolite definition is - a sophisticated, widely traveled person: a cosmopolitan person has a wide breadth of from..., Pittsburgh, PA 1998. pp and indirectly, various ways of becoming or being a person. Single community the Internet provides a much more attractive model than the nation-state opinion etc. beliefs religious.

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