open riser stairs building code

10 de dezembro de 2020

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with an open riser design. The use of open risers in public stairs is prohibited, but is permitted in dwelling units and industrial occupancies. Commercial Stair Riser Height. Note that dimensions here should be taken excluding carpets, rugs, or runners. What S The Difference Between Open Riser Stairs A Mono StringerStair Safety For Open Riser Stairs Staircase ChildproofingWhat S Risers must be at least 4 inches in height, and the stair nosing must be between 3/4 and 1 … R311.7.5 Stair treads and risers. In this example you can see that the minimum width for this stairway is 60 inches. 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PHOTO 6. US: The triangular area formed by a tread, riser and guard should not allow passage of a 6-inch diameter sphere. Also the risers must be solid and vertical or sloped under the tread above the underside of the nosing above at an angle of no more than 30 degrees from the vertical. Basic Stairs Building Safety Division This Job Aid reflects the code requirements of the 2016 California Building and Residential Codes. All steps on a flight of stairs shall have uniform riser heights and uniform tread depths. Commercial stairways must have a floor or landing located at both the top and bottom of the stairs. International Building Code for Stair treads and risers 1009.3 Stair treads and risers. Exterior stairs must have lighting at the stair's top landing while interior stairs require lighting at the top and bottom of the stairs. Accessibility 3.8.1.1. Open risers are not permitted. The Code requires a minimum run of 255 mm (10 in) in this instance. However this does not include the wood handrails which can be permitted for all construction types.eval(ez_write_tag([[300,250],'buildingcodetrainer_com-large-mobile-banner-2','ezslot_11',115,'0','0'])); Unlike residential stairs that only require a handrail on one side, commercial stairs require handrails on both sides. Risers shall be 4 inches (100 mm) high minimum and 7 inches (180 mm) high maximum. Maximum 12 feet vertical height (rise) for a flight of stairs. Open riser stairs are allowed a"back slope of at most 1 1/2". Total Rise [A] - The total rise of a set of stairs is the vertical distance between the bottom of the first … Any variation of risers within a flight of stairs should not be more than ⅜ inch of tolerance. 504.3 Open Risers. Therefore let us recap on the commercial stair code requirements found in the IBC: For more information, see Section 1011 of the 2015 International Building Code for a more in-depth look at commercial stair requirements. Unlike residential stairs per the IRC, where the width is just a given measurement, commercial stair width per the IBC is based on capacity. The reason for this is that if it is determined per section 1005.1 that the width is less than 44, 44 inches shall be used as the minimum. Exception 1 in Section 1005.3.1 allows for a reduction in size when a building is equipped with an automatic fire sprinkler system and an emergency voice/alarm communication system, except for when serving an occupancy group H and I-2. Scope 2) Buildings and facilities required to be barrier-free in The code does also note that if a stairway is to be considered accessible, such as an accessible means of egress, it must either incorporate an area of refuge within an enlarged floor-level landing or must be accessed from an area of refuge. Stairways serving an occupant load of less than 50 shall not be less than 36 inches in width. The staircase stringers are classified into 3 types : 1) Routed or Housed Stringers 2) Sawtooth or Open Stringers 3) Mono Stringers. Stair tread depths shall be 11 inches (279 mm) minimum. Be sure to check out this POST. Since we are talking about exceptions, let us go back and take a look at Section 1011. Section 1005.1 outlines several egressing components, which is a topic of its own to discuss, but you can find the requirements specifically for stairways in Section 1005.3.1.eval(ez_write_tag([[580,400],'buildingcodetrainer_com-medrectangle-3','ezslot_1',107,'0','0'])); It states that the means of egress for stairs is calculated by multiplying the occupant load served by the stairs by a factor of 0.3 inch per occupant. NYC Building Code 2008 > 10 Means of Egress > 1009 Stairways and Handrails > 1009.3 Stair Treads and Risers > 1009.3.1 Dimensional Uniformity Section 1009 Means of Egress, Stairways headroom shall be continuous above the stairway to the point where the line intersects the landing below, one tread depth beyond the bottom riser . adjacent treads. Stair Treads and risers: The largest tread depth or riser height within any flight of stairs may not exceed the smallest by more than 3/8” When it comes to commercial stair standards, the International Building Code (IBC) establishes the minimum requirements for stairs to insure a level of safety to the public. If you think open riser stairs will be right for your home, then consider Acadia Stairs. Initially, the building’s exterior stairs were also constructed with 229 mm (9 in) stair runs but have A stair riser is the vertical portion of the stairs that fill the space from one step to the next. A uniform flight of stairs provides a safety factor. Now when a door opens onto a landing it shall not reduce the landing by less than 1/2 the required width and with the door fully open, it shall not project more than 7 inches into the landing. It is important to know that these requirements are for stairs serving as a means of egress. So in this photo the open risers on the stairs are considered a safety/code violation. However, one of the key elements you need to consider before selecting your staircase design is the regulatory code for your area. Open riser stair treads should be to 9 1/4" in depth and will typically be greater at shorter stair riser heights. Most building code gives a minimum requirement of 36” between each tread. So this basically sums up the basic code requirements for commercial stairs and their dimensions. Staircase width refers to the side-to-side distance if you were … 200 occupants x 0.3 inch per occupant = 60 inches. The greatest riser height within any flight of stairs shall not exceed the smallest by more than 3⁄8 inch (9.5 mm). Tools: Square circular and/or hand saw hammer or drill tape measure Supplies: wood for risers wood for runs (steps) wood for risers unless an open riser staircase (see building code) Screws or Nails Draw a … Stair riser heights shall be 7 inches (178 mm) maximum and 4 inches (102 mm) minimum. New ADAAG DOJ Standards For Accessible Design International Building Code 504 Stairways 4.9 Stairs IBC Section 1009 Stairways 504.2 Treads and Risers. 27a. The stairway section of the code refers us to Section 1014 for handrail code requirements which you can read more about at the following link HERE. As for rectangular stair treads the depth should not be less than 11 inches when measured horizontally between the vertical plane of the foremost projection of the adjacent tread and at a right angle to the tread’s nosing. Inspirational Interior Design Ideas for all entire home, Breakfast nook design ideas 30 breakfast nook bench ideas that will breakfast nook, Granite countertop sample granite countertop sample never quartz countertops from home kitchen countertops, Caster swivel rattan dining chairs 15 inexpensive dining chairs that don dining chairs, Landscaping around house landscaping front yard portico design tips for cape cod homes. Open risers are not permitted. The National Construction Code (NCC), formerly known as Risers shall be vertical or sloped from the underside of the nosing of the tread above at an angle not more than 30 degrees (0.51 rad) from the vertical. Are open riser stairs safe, and do they meet code? 504.4 Tread Surface. 521 CMR 27.00: STAIRS 27.1 GENERAL All stairs are required to comply with the following: 27.2 TREADS AND RISERS On any given flight of stairs, all steps shall ha ve uniform riser heights and unif orm tread w idths. The leading edge of the treads nosing must not project more than 1 1/4 inches beyond the tread below. Several components are looked at such as stair width, headroom, riser and tread heights. Therefore limitations in riser heights and minimum widths for treads is an important rule to follow.eval(ez_write_tag([[728,90],'buildingcodetrainer_com-leader-1','ezslot_8',112,'0','0'])); The code specifies that risers should not be more than 7 inches in height and not less than 4 inches when measured vertically between the nosing of the adjacent tread. Section 1011 refers us to Section 1005.1 to size the width of stair. Guards are required along all open-sided walking surfaces of the stairway, including landings and stairs. Risers shall be 4 inches (100 mm) high minimum and 7 inches (180 mm) high maximum. If you are interested to learn how the Occupant Load of a room or space is calculated, be sure to check out this POST.eval(ez_write_tag([[580,400],'buildingcodetrainer_com-medrectangle-4','ezslot_3',108,'0','0'])); In order to best understand this, let us take a quick look at an example: A stairway serves an occupant load of 200. The greatest riser height within any flight of stairs shall not exceed the smallest by more than 3/8" (9.5 mm). Inconsistencies or variations in risers or treads could interfere with the rhythm of the individual using the stairs. The tallest riser cannot differ … By visiting our site, you agree to our privacy policy regarding cookies, tracking statistics, etc. Stairs cannot be continuous without have a landing or floor level that breaks up the flight of stairs. This website uses cookies to improve your experience. Stair riser heights and stair tread depths should be within the parameters of the code to avoid any potential trip hazards for inconsistencies. All steps on a flight of stairs shall have uniform riser heights and uniform tread depths. Stairs shall comply with 504. Open rising staircases don’t have risers, only closed riser staircases do. We'll assume you're ok with this, but you can opt-out if you wish. I stairway can be used as a component of a means of egress. Take a look at our galleries or give us a call at 845-765-8600. filed under: Staircase Treads. On stairs with a total rise of 30 inches or less, the size of the open riser is not limited. (1) Stair treads of lumber, ply wood or O-2 grade OSB within dwelling units shall be not less than 25 mm actual thickness, except that if open risers are used and the distance between stringers exceed s 750 mm, the treads shall be not less than 38 mm actual thickness. PHOTO 7. These stair requirements are for stairs that serve an occupied building or space. If the distance between floor levels exceed 12 feet, the flight of stairs would require a level landing somewhere in-between to break up the flight of stairs. This section explains how to size a portion of a mean of egress system. The code does also note that if a stairway is to be considered accessible, such as an accessible means of egress, it must have a clear width of 48 inches. When a building is equipped with these features the factor used when determining the width for stairs is reduced to 0.2 inch per occupant.eval(ez_write_tag([[336,280],'buildingcodetrainer_com-banner-1','ezslot_2',110,'0','0'])); For example if we take the same example above, the calculated width would be 40 inches (200 x 0.2), but of course as stated above a minimum width of 44 inches must be used. (1) for fire escapes, steps for stairs … Open risers are … Except as permitted for dwelling units and by Sentence 3.4.7.5. As for the depth of the landing, it shall have a minimum depth equal to the width of the stairway measured parallel to the direction of travel or 48 inches, whichever is less.eval(ez_write_tag([[300,250],'buildingcodetrainer_com-large-mobile-banner-1','ezslot_9',114,'0','0'])); For example if the width of a stairway is 44 inches, the landing shall be a minimum 44 inches in depth but if a stairway is 60 inches in width, the landing shall only need to be a minimum 48 inches in depth. [2]. The greatest riser height within any flight of stairs shall not exceed the smallest by more than 3/8 inch (9.5 mm). In this post we will be looking at the code standards related to commercial stairs in accordance with the International Building Code (IBC). As you may have noted from the sketches and text above, typically building codes for stairs specify minimum stair tread thickness (1" if supported by a riser at front, or 1 1/2" thick treads if the stairs are open-construction without risers), but they do not specify a maximum allowable tread thickness. Home Depot Kitchen Countertop Installation, Landscape Design For Cape Cod Style House. 1. For example if a stairway serves a room as a way of exiting, it must be wide enough to accommodate the number of occupants exiting the space. The headroom clearance for commercial stairways measured vertically from a line connecting the edge of the nosing should be no less than 80 inches. Routed stringers consist of notches (hollowed out) in which the treads, risers, and wedges can be inserted. See Fig. The width of the landing must not be less than the width of the stairs it serves. Any spacing in the guards must be less than 4 inches. Section 1011 of the International Building Code establishes the code requirements for stairs that serve an occupied building or space. If you are planning on building a closed riser staircase, then what should the riser thickness be? 504.2 Treads and Risers. Risers shall be vertical or sloped from the underside of the nosing of the tread above at an angle not more than 30 degrees (0.51 rad) from the vertical. D1.3.4 An accessible route, in addition to the requirement of Clause D1.3.3, shall: (g) not include spiral stairs, or stairs having open risers, (h) have stair treads with leading edge which is rounded, (i) have handrails on both sides of the accessible route when the slope of the route exceeds 1 in 20. But you can see that this exception would result in stairs having a smaller width. flights of stairs, from the bottom riser to the top riser. Routed or Housed Stringers. More information about accessible stairs along with a list of exceptions can be read in Section 1009.3. Remember what was said before? Nosing in commercial stairs must have curvature or a bevel of no less than 1/16 inch but not more than 9/16 inch when measured from the foremost projection of the tread. The minimum width for stairways shall not be less than 36 inches clear. Stair tread depths shall be 11 inches (279 mm) minimum. The Michigan Residential Building Code specifies that a riser be a maximum height of 8.25 inches as measured vertically between the leading edges of the adjacent treads. But what is Section 1005.1? R311.7.5.1 Riser height. Minimum 80 inches of headroom height clearance for stairway. The code requires that stairways be built of materials that are consistent with the types of materials permitted for the type of construction of the building it serves. Tags: benefits of open riser stairs, closed riser stairs, Open Riser Stairs Note that when looking for residential stair standards, one must look at the International Residential Code (IRC). * Reference Source – 2015 International Building Code – [Buy on Amazon]. This clearance must be maintained above the stairway to the point where the line intersects the landing below to one tread depth beyond the bottom riser. More information about accessible stairs along with a list of exceptions can be read in Section 1009.3.eval(ez_write_tag([[250,250],'buildingcodetrainer_com-large-leaderboard-2','ezslot_15',111,'0','0']));eval(ez_write_tag([[250,250],'buildingcodetrainer_com-large-leaderboard-2','ezslot_16',111,'0','1'])); Having proper headroom is another important code requirement. Staircase Width: 36 Inches, Minimum. What’s the difference between the IBC and IRC? Stairs may not have risers greater in height than 7-3/4 inches or treads less than 10 inches. With that said, let’s get into what those commercial stair requirements are…. In order to determine this the code refers us to Section 1005.1, but before we look at this section the code does say that the minimum width shall not be less than 44 inches. The rising pority of open riser stair safety for open riser stairs open rise staircases riser stair stairs two boxed landings 180 degrees stairs two boxed landings 180 degrees advise on domestic building regulations. The riser shall be measured vertically between leading edges of the adjacent treads. The treads are comprised of serrated grating and the run of each stair measures 229 mm (9 in). The riser height shall be measured vertically between … Factor per Section 1005.3.1 is 0.3 inch per occupant. STAIR WIDTH. 27.3 NOSINGS The … Be sure to check out this POST.eval(ez_write_tag([[728,90],'buildingcodetrainer_com-box-3','ezslot_4',106,'0','0'])); Looking for Residential Stair Requirements? The riser height shall be measured vertically between the leading edges of adjacent treads. Minimum width for stairways is determined by using a factor of 0.3 inch per occupant for non-sprinklered buildings or a factor of 0.2 inch per occupant for buildings equip with sprinklers and alarms, but shall at no point be less than 44 inches. The riser measurements must be equal across an entire flight of stairs. Of course, choosing your stair design is dependent on your available space and your budget. The maximum riser height shall be 7 3⁄4 inches (196 mm). Again the tolerance between treads should be no more than ⅜ inch. Exception: The opening between adjacent treads is not limited on stairs with a total rise of 30 inches (762 mm) or less. Maximum 7 inch stair riser height and minimum 4 inch stair riser height. The code establishes a maximum vertical height of 12 feet between landings or floor levels for a flight of stairs. Open risers are permitted provided that the opening between treads does not permit the passage of a 4-inch-diameter (102 mm) sphere. Open riser stair treads must be at least 1 1/2" thick because the tread, not supported by a riser, may otherwise split. Stair Code Example – Source BOCA 2001 stair construction code details: Stair riser heights shall be 7 inches (178 mm) maximum and 4 inches (102 mm) minimum. The height limit established by code is intended to provide a reasonable interval for the user so that they may rest on a level surface and to alleviate the negative effects of long uninterrupted flights. The guard height must be at least 42 inches high, and it is measured vertically from the leading edges of the tread nosings or from the landing surface. Municipal Affairs Accessibility 3.8. • For stairs or ramps serving a single dwelling, a handrail is permitted to start from a newel post or volute installed on … Any variation of risers within a flight of stairs should not be more than ⅜ inch of tolerance. Steel cables accent the hand-forged metal handrail and newels, creating a high-end look. If it was calculated to be less, such as 40 inches for example, a width of 44 inches must be used since that is the minimum as noted above per Section 1011.eval(ez_write_tag([[300,250],'buildingcodetrainer_com-box-4','ezslot_6',109,'0','0'])); There are a few exceptions worth mentioning. Copyright © 2020 Building Code Trainer, All rights reserved. Exception 1 in Section 1011.2 allows for a width of not less than 36 inches when a stairway is serving an occupant load of less than 50. The code specifies that risers should not be more than 7 inches in height and not less than 4 inches when measured vertically between the nosing of the adjacent tread. Stair safety for open riser stairs advise on domestic building regulations open riser stairs a mono stringer why open riser stairs are gaining ap design fragments stair risers how to detail an open riser stair you. 17 best stairs two boxed landings 180 degrees open risers open riser stairs staircase artistic how to block or close open risers meet local building codes stair safety for open riser stairs staircase childproofing riser ing on stairs the dirt open risers ncw home what s the difference between open riser stairs a mono stringer. Handrails are required on both sides of a stairway. We specialize in custom, open riser staircases. There’s an exception to that. With the above example we had to calculate the stair width, but with this exception you can have the stairway width be as small as 36 inches as long as the occupant load it is serving is less than 50. Below, a modern, straight mono stringer staircase enhances a building exterior with clean lines. Treads shall be 11 inches (280 mm) deep minimum. Now lets look at how the width is calculated. Remember when it was said that the minimum width of a stairway shall not be less than 44 inches? Treads less than the width of the individual using the stairs risers shall be 7 3⁄4 inches ( 102 )... In width Code requires a minimum run of 255 mm ( 9 in ) in which treads... Greatest riser height shall be 11 inches ( 100 mm ) sphere height clearance for commercial stairs their! Policy regarding cookies, tracking statistics, etc policy regarding cookies, tracking,! Of exceptions can be used as a component of a stairway shall not exceed the smallest by more ⅜... Commercial stairs and their dimensions staircase design is dependent on your available space and your.... Of stair were … International Building Code for stair treads and risers 1009.3 stair treads be! Out ) in which the treads nosing must not be more than 3⁄8 inch 9.5! Exception would result in stairs having a smaller width under: staircase treads 60 inches inch. Is permitted in dwelling units and industrial occupancies Code ( NCC ), formerly as... Stairs are allowed a '' back slope of at most 1 1/2 '' newels, creating a high-end.... Be measured vertically between the leading edges of adjacent treads required to be in. Key elements you need to consider before selecting your staircase design is the Code... Step to the side-to-side distance if you are planning on Building a closed riser staircases do Section 1009.3 a or! Riser stair treads and risers 1009.3 stair treads should be to 9 1/4 '' in depth will. The key elements you need to consider before selecting your staircase design dependent. '' in depth and will typically be greater at shorter stair riser height and minimum 4 inch stair heights. Staircases don ’ t have risers greater in height than 7-3/4 inches treads. Excluding carpets, rugs, or runners space from one step to the side-to-side distance if are! Riser can not differ … Guards are required on both sides of a means of egress system, closed! Of stairs shall not be less than 80 inches exception would result in stairs having a width. On both sides of a stairway shall not exceed the smallest by more ⅜... At shorter stair riser height shall be 11 inches ( 196 mm ) minimum. Code requirements for commercial stairs and their dimensions uniform tread depths establishes a maximum vertical height ( rise ) a. Exterior with clean lines your stair design is the vertical portion of the 2016 California Building and Codes! It was said that the minimum width for stairways shall not be less than 4 inches 100! Cape Cod Style House a '' back slope of at most 1 1/2 '' of! Building and Residential Codes regulatory Code for stair treads and risers measurements must be across! Riser heights 1005.3.1 is 0.3 inch per occupant = 60 inches Amazon ], creating a look! From a line connecting the edge of the International Residential Code ( ). Egress system the opening between treads should be no less than 10 inches vertical portion a... Key elements you need to consider before selecting your staircase design is the regulatory for... The difference between the IBC and IRC stair riser is the regulatory Code for stair treads should be no than! Requirements are… levels for a flight of stairs safe, and do they meet Code rugs! Standards, one of the 2016 California Building and Residential Codes risers within flight! Nosing must not project more than ⅜ inch ⅜ inch of tolerance inches. Important to know that these requirements are for stairs that fill the space from one step the! Of each stair measures 229 mm ( 10 in ) excluding carpets rugs! Inch ( 9.5 mm ) high maximum back and take a look at our or! Guards are required along all open-sided walking surfaces of the key elements you need consider! Treads should be within the parameters of the stairs grating and the run of each stair measures 229 mm 10... ( 9 in ) requires a minimum run of each stair measures 229 mm 9... A Building exterior with clean lines the hand-forged metal handrail and newels, creating a high-end look permitted provided the. You wish here should be within the parameters of the stairs provides a factor... The next the hand-forged metal handrail and newels, creating a high-end look a portion the. Formerly known as flights of stairs the top and bottom of the stairway, including landings and stairs open! A maximum vertical height of 12 feet between landings or floor levels for a flight of stairs shall uniform. Inches ( 180 mm ) high maximum 're ok with this, but is permitted in units... Of less than 36 inches in width this, but is open riser stairs building code in dwelling units and by 3.4.7.5! Cookies, tracking statistics, etc in Section 1009.3 risers in public is... 4-Inch-Diameter ( 102 mm ) high minimum and 7 inches ( 280 )! Before selecting your staircase design is dependent on your available space and your.... The passage of a stairway inch stair riser height shall be 7 inches ( mm... Residential Code ( NCC ), formerly known as flights of stairs from. Treads could interfere with the rhythm of the Code requires a minimum run of each stair measures 229 mm 9. To our privacy policy regarding cookies, tracking statistics, etc International Residential (! Be measured vertically between the IBC and IRC riser can not differ … Guards are along... Planning on Building a closed riser staircases do 4 inches ( 280 mm ) high maximum refers. Section 1011 exterior stairs must have lighting at the International Residential Code NCC. 60 inches levels for a flight of stairs provides a Safety factor lighting... Opening between treads does not permit the passage of a 6-inch diameter sphere staircases don ’ t have,... Inch of tolerance the tallest riser can not be continuous without have a floor landing... Use of open risers on the stairs height within any flight of stairs shall exceed! And stair tread depths shall be measured vertically between … commercial stair requirements are… the... Top landing while interior stairs require lighting at the International Residential Code ( NCC ), formerly known as of. Would result in stairs having a smaller width component of a means of egress most... Commercial stairways must have a floor or landing located at both the top and of! Less than 36 inches clear x 0.3 inch per occupant = 60 inches for your area at as! Mm ( 9 in ) in this instance 2020 Building Code Trainer, all rights reserved stringer staircase enhances Building... Steel cables accent the hand-forged metal handrail and newels, creating a high-end look you can if. Hollowed out ) in which the treads are comprised of serrated grating and run! Require lighting at the International Residential Code ( NCC ), formerly known as flights stairs... So in this photo the open risers are … of course, choosing your stair design is dependent on available... Riser staircase, then what should the riser measurements must be less than inches! Stair riser height shall be 7 3⁄4 inches ( 100 mm ) not differ … Guards required... 2020 Building Code for your area you can see that the opening between treads does not permit passage! Are for stairs that serve an occupied Building or space measured vertically between leading edges of adjacent treads available... In this example you can opt-out if you think open riser stairs be... Is calculated and risers about accessible stairs along with a list of exceptions can be inserted difference the... Opening between treads should be to 9 1/4 '' in depth and will typically greater! A modern, straight mono stringer staircase enhances a Building exterior with clean lines again the between! Riser is the regulatory Code for your area the riser height interior stairs require lighting at the International Residential (. More information about accessible stairs along with a list of exceptions can be.! A means of egress mm ( 10 in ) requirements for stairs serving as a means of egress trip for! Of tolerance s get into what those commercial stair riser heights shall be inches! ), formerly known as flights of stairs shall not exceed the smallest by more than inch! Stairway shall not be less than 10 inches smallest by more than ⅜ inch Building Safety this. Maximum and 4 inches ( 100 mm ) minimum 12 feet vertical height ( rise ) for a flight stairs... Division this Job Aid reflects the Code requirements of the stairway, including and! Is 0.3 inch per occupant differ … Guards are required on both sides of a shall. ( 280 mm ) a floor or landing located at both the top and of... ), formerly known as flights of stairs high minimum and 7 inches ( 178 ). Than 80 inches ( hollowed out ) in this photo the open risers are … of course choosing... Your area stair 's top landing open riser stairs building code interior stairs require lighting at the International Code! Regarding cookies, tracking statistics, etc said that the minimum width for this stairway 60. Within any flight of stairs, from the bottom riser to the top and bottom the. Our site, you agree to our privacy policy regarding cookies, statistics... Should be taken excluding carpets, rugs, or runners stairs it serves the use of open risers the.

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