progressive era political cartoons and explanations

10 de dezembro de 2020

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3. How do you feel about TR based on this image? Are they exaggerated for effect? Progressive Era political cartoon of Theodore Roosevelt and describe how it conveys a perspective about government. Irony/Satire: Form of humor that is especially appropriate for political cartoons because it mocks the direct meaning of the image and represents a contradiction to that meaning. Which images are large ,and which are small? Reflection Phase: Remember to record observations. Known as the “Trust Buster” and a Progressive. What is the message of the political cartoon? 1. He argued for the government protection of human welfare and property rights. Monopoly: The exclusive control of the entire supply of goods or of a service in a certain area or market. How does the author stereotype TR, the United States, Big Business, and Economics just from this cartoon? These cartoons depict several events from the time period with differing opinions. USA.gov, The U.S. National Archives and Records Administration Progressivism was a powerful political and social force by the turn of the century, and many Americans considered Roosevelt as the leader of the Progressive movement. Ohio has a population of about 11.6 M. Maybe 5M of those pay federal taxes, maybe.That works out to $2,800/yr per taxpayer, just to pay for the safety net Dec 6, 2019 - Explore John Doles's board "Imperialism Political Cartoons" on Pinterest. Remember to use the symbolism guide also found in the PowerPoint to help. This lesson correlates to the National Standards for Civics and Government. Andrew Carnegie: U.S Steel manufacturer known for his success in the industry and for his philanthropy. The Progressive Era, as the period in history at the turn of the 20th century has come to be known, was a time of tremendous social, economic, and political changes, and the presidential election of 1912 typified the reform spirit of the period. 2. TR was known as the “Trust Buster,” so what is the irony of this image? Urban: Designating a city or town. It is one of the oldest and most famous political cartoons in American history and was drawn by Benjamin Franklin to encourage the various colonies of America to join together to … Students will also be asked to compare and contrast the cartoons to form a well-rounded opinion of the popular culture shown through the cartoons. Ungraded . Reformers themselves were a diverse group, frequently w… Hand out the Political Cartoons Analysis Guide ,and walk the students through each phase laid out below, using the guiding questions if students become stuck or are unable to grasp the content. Beginning in the late 1800s with the challenge to the "spoils system" of machine politics, progressivism gathered momentum between 1900 and 1916, as the desire for reform permeated the minds of the American people. Progressivism, an urban, middle‐class reform movement, supported the government taking a greater role in addressing such issues as the control of big business and the welfare of the public.Many of its accomplishments were based on efforts of earlier reform movements. This lesson correlates to the National History Standards. See more ideas about political cartoons, editorial cartoon, politics. The New Nationalism: Teddy Roosevelt’s philosophy during the 1912 presidential election. What does the building in the background symbolize? Corruption was a big problem for the community. See more ideas about political cartoons, cartoon, american imperialism. Industrialization: The process in which a society or country (or world) transforms itself from a primarily agricultural society into one based on the manufacturing of goods and services. How are the images represented? Divide the class into pairs and project another cartoon “The Hardest Job they Ever Tackled.”. What aspects of the cartoon are exaggerated to make the audience notice them? What role does analysis have in historical construction? This is a very brief overview, yet it allows for a basic understanding of the era or a nice refresher on the content that the political cartoons will cover. Have each pair complete the three phases: Observation, Reflection, and Questioning and record their answers. Contact; This cartoon depicts George Pullman, perhaps most famous for making millions in the railroad car business, crushing one of his workers between the high rent he charged to live in his utopian work town, and his lowering of his workers wages because of the depression. The cartoons range from late 1880s to the 1912 Presidential Election, and a PowerPoint is included with background knowledge for students and teachers on the Progressive Era that works in conjunction with the cartoons. Supporters of the Temperance Movement, mostly Protestant and known as "teetotalers," worked for many decades to end the sale of alcohol across the United States at the local, state and national level. What was his nickname as we learned previously? Different perspectives on immigration are personified in this cartoon: Uncle Sam is looking for hard workers to fill the nation’s factories. 14 billion to Ohio. Political Ideology: Crash Course Government and Politics #35.No one video fully sums up our discussion, but as always CrashCourse comes close.. During the Progressive era, the meat industry was being criticized for its poor working conditions. If this lesson is in conjunction with ones that show political cartoons on other topics, ask the students to compare and contrast the similarities and differences in the cartoons. Teddy Roosevelt and Bears Political Cartoon. What attitude does the author have on Big Business, TR, and Economics? Let us know how you used this plan and be featured on our site! political cartoon analysis, political cartoons, progressive era, robber barons Teacher Feedback Please comment below with questions, feedback, suggestions, or descriptions of your experience using this resource with students. Tags: Topics: Question 2 . African Americans During the Progressive Era Based on the political cartoon, do you think that the artist supp… Get the answers you need, now! Official site of The Week Magazine, offering commentary and analysis of the day's breaking news and current events as well as arts, entertainment, people and gossip, and political cartoons. Progressive Era. The imagery of President Theodore Roosevelt alone expresses a range of popular opinions that … A metaphor uses an analogy to describe one thing as similar to something completely different. Woodrow Wilson: President from 1913-1921. Submit your story here. Examine differing perspectives on historical events 3. 4. The Temperance Movement, also called the Prohibition Movement, was a political and social movement in the United States popular during Progressive Era. A problem before the Progressive Movement was corruption, which is when the government is dishonest. Stereotype: Oversimplification of a particular group. The main objectives of the Progressive movement were addressing problems caused by industrialization, urbanization, immigration, and political corruption.The movement primarily targeted political machines and their bosses. Nov 24, 2020 - Political cartoons I like for one reason or another. 6. a. Cartoon by Gary Varvel. People started protesting, and so Mr. Roosevelt, the president at the time, had to start cleaning up the meat packing industry. Repeat the whole-class scaffolding method with the cartoon “Please Omit Flowers,” and make sure students are able to grasp the plethora of symbols. Use the cartoon “Revising It” as an example. Political cartoon, a drawing (often including caricature) made for the purpose of conveying editorial commentary on politics, politicians, and current events.Such cartoons play a role in the political discourse of a society that provides for freedom of speech and of the press. John D. Rockefeller, the man shown in the drawing, is a Let us know how you used this plan and be featured on our site! Laissez-Faire: “HANDS OFF” or no government interference in business. -Evaluate, take, and defend positions about the roles of political parties, campaigns, and elections in American politics. Fingers were lost and then put into the meat, employees never washed their hands, and the equipment was bad and flimsy. There are also several background materials listed to be used as needed. • Students will be able to describe the Progressive Era by locating the people involved, and the economic situation Which side of the conflict is this author portraying? outreach. Shareholder: Someone who is a holder or owner of shares in a company or corporation. EASY TO PURCHASE Register online quickly, and order licensing for our political cartoons with American Express, MasterCard, Visa or Discover Card. Does it surprise you or does it seem consistent with other aspects of US History. political cartoons. They will do this by examining multiple cartoons and deciding what they are about and why they … b. This interdisciplinary lesson plan is focused on political cartoons as a way to teach economics and the Progressive Era. This unit was created by Natalie Porter, Temple Cultural Fieldwork Initiative student and Alicia Parks, Wells Fargo Education Manager for the Historical Society of Pennsylvania. These cartoons encompass Big Business, Economics, William Taft, Theodore Roosevelt, and Woodrow Wilson. SURVEY . He was the protégé of TR, yet he is known as more conservative than his predecessor even though he is responsible for several reforms. An example of corruption is a political machine. For example, US Steel and Standard Oil. John D. Rockefeller: U.S. Question Phase: Remember to record observations. Certainly, the cartoons about Theodore Roosevelt and the teddy bear are more endearing than the cartoons about Roosevelt the Imperialist. Hailed by British cartoonist and writer Martin Rowson as ‘the greatest political cartoon ever,’ James Gillray’s The Plumb-pudding in Danger is typical of the Georgian-era caricaturist’s biting satire. Trust Company: A trust refers to a large corporation where is a person who holds the property rights and generally has a monopoly or a very large piece of a certain industry. Standard III.E.4. A more populated area. These cartoons depict several events from the time period with differing opinions. How is the author showing irony and satire? 5. Exaggeration: A distortion of an object that enhances and highlights the aspect the author would like to become dominant to the viewer. The Progressive Era (1896–1916) was a period of widespread social activism and political reform across the United States of America that spanned the 1890s to the 1920s. The man in the middle with a rifle represents Teddy Roosevelt. Post-Assessment: Show students the fourth political cartoon, "The Poor Little Rich Boy" and ask students to discuss how this cartoon represents an important consequence of progressive reform (the cost). Observation Phase: Remember to record observations. It altered the electoral mechanism established in Article I, Section 3, of the Constitution, which had provided for the appointment of … The Progressive Era, as the period in history at the turn of the 20th century has come to be known, was a time of tremendous social, economic, and political changes, and the presidential election of 1912 typified the reform spirit of the period. Locate words or phrases and decipher meaning. Learn about political cartoon analysis Drawing on a variety of sources helps students generate their own opinions and enhance their knowledge of the subject while having exposure to primary sources. Explanation: The cartoon is titled Join or die and shows a snake divided up into a series of segments. Theodore Roosevelt: President of the United States from 1901-1909. Dividend: The sum of money paid to shareholders of a corporation from the earnings of the corporation. He campaigned on a progressive platform called “New Freedom” that believed in individualism and state’s rights. Each group will then present their findings, leading to an open class discussion on what the cartoon reflects. During the Progressive Era (1900–1920), the country grappled with the problems caused by industrialization and urbanization. Symbolism and metaphors: A symbol in a cartoon is an image that is created to stand in for some other thing, person, idea…etc. Before you move to the next page examine this cartoon yourself. What role do multiple causations play in describing a historic event? • Examine and evaluate the use of symbolism, point of view, irony, and other literacy techniques by analyzing political cartoons from the Progressive Era. He refused to shoot the cub and ordered its release, which resulted in the birth of the teddy bear. James Sherman: Vice President to President Taft. Next, responses needed to use the skill of Causation to examine what prior events led to the situation in the cartoon. This cartoon (an early variation of one that was published on March 18, 1912) depicts Theodore Roosevelt as an opera singer who wins the favor of "Miss Insurgency" (the Insurgent Republicans) spewing forth a program that Berryman sarcastically terms "Progressive Fallacies." 1. The bears represents trusts. 1300 Locust Street Philadelphia, PA 19107 answer explanation . Write down the cartoon caption (if there is one). Students will be asked to analyze the cartoon to discover the author’s point of view as well as place the cartoon … Description. How has social disagreement and collaboration been beneficial to American society? Cartoon Analysis Political Cartoon Analysis The political cartoon entitled, “What a Funny Little Government” was created in 1899 to show humor toward the monopolies power over the government during the Progressive movement. Free Market: An economic system in which prices are determined by unrestricted competition between privately owned businesses. Feel free to repeat this process with all the cartoons, or allow for students to look at the rest of the cartoons individually and record their observations followed by a class discussion. The changing pattern of immigration concerned many Americans. Political cartoons were a major form of commentary in late nineteenth-century American life, and Thomas Nast (1840-1902) was the most famous cartoonist of his day. ", Their Offspring Is Just One Year Old To-Day. For help with licensing a cartoon call (805) 969-2829. The Progressive Era was an era of reform and, by using our political cartoons, it becomes a fun and exciting moment of history to teach! • Interpret political cartoons by finding connections between the cartoons and the Progressive Era. (1839-1937). T: (215) 732-6200 F: (215) 732-2680. 1. How does this relate to what you already know about the Progressive Era, and how does it fit in with the larger picture of US History? Seventeenth Amendment, amendment (1913) to the U.S. Constitution that provided for the direct election of U.S. senators by the voters of the states. It will also increase their literacy skills by improving their critical thinking ability. Come back as a class and together discuss the consequences of progressive reform (question 6) and why progressive reform was difficult. Drawn in 1805, the cartoon depicts French emperor Napoleon Bonaparte and British prime minister William Pitt greedily carving a plum pudding shaped like the world in an amusing metaphor for the leaders’ battle … Among the choices for president in 1912 were three major candidates, each of whom laid claim to successful reform measures. 1-86-NARA-NARA or 1-866-272-6272, National Archives and Records Administration, DocsTeach: Our Online Tool for Teaching with Documents, Education Programs at Presidential Libraries. In 1918, as WWI began to fall in favor of the Allies, he wrote the “Fourteen Points” speech which outlined post-war aims, including the League of Nations. How does this relate to the Progressive Era? What does the image of the club symbolize? Often poked fun at for being a very large man. (1835-1919), Captain of Industry: The head of a large business. Who is TR, and what is his expression? At the same time, the number of immigrants from southern and eastern Europe greatly increased. The cartoons range from late 1880s to the 1912 Presidential Election, and a PowerPoint is included with background knowledge for students and teachers on the Progressive Era that works in conjunction with the cartoons. What emotions do you see in TR? Students will: 1. Roosevelt was absolutely horrified at such un-sportsman-like behavior; he was after all a conservationist. Call us for other payment options. field trips. Knowing the background knowledge of this time period, does the message surprise you? Begin with the PowerPoint and, as you go through the information and other background materials, have students write down the vocabulary words, in bold, and their definitions. The political boss wants the immigrant vote. Finally, responses were expected to use Causation to show how Progressive Era debates had an effect. The Progressive Era. Introduce how to dissect a political cartoon to understand what it represents and how it relates to the subject matter. Students will be asked to analyze the cartoon to discover the author’s point of view as well as place the cartoon with background knowledge of the era. What is the author trying to tell the audience? As we begin to explore the Gilded Age (1870-1900), that era in American History sandwiched between the Civil War/Reconstruction and the Progressive Era to the Great War, I want students to be able to understand political cartoons and why they were used so often during this era. Era 7 -The Emergence of Modern America (1890-1930) 1.1. s938525 s938525 Analyze primary source documents 2. Monday, January 14, 2013, 8:56 AM What does each "character" in the cartoon represent? Industrialist who dominated the oil business and made a fortune. AP.USH: KC‑7.1.II.A (KC), PCE (Theme), Unit 7: Learning Objective D. In the early twentieth century, reformers worked to improve American society and counteract the effect of industrialization. Interpreting Political Cartoons to Understand Progressivism NCSS Thematic Strand: Time, Continuity, and Change Grade Level: 6-12 Class Periods Required: 50-minute class period Purpose, Background, and Context: This lesson fits within a broader study of Theodore Roosevelt’s presidency and the Progressive Era. As the era of industrialization and progressivism dawned, cartoons took on added significance as they allowed a growing immigrant population the chance to keep up with American politics despite many not being able to read or write English. Agrarian society: Society based around producing and maintaining crops and farmland. Introduce the subject matter: A PowerPoint is included in the Other Materials Section with pictures, vocabulary definitions, common symbolism, and each cartoon. Standard 1B -Demonstrate understanding of Progressivism at the national level. Background Knowledge and Vocabulary PowerPoint. A political machine is a corrupt organization led by a ‘boss’ that controls elections by rewarding supporters with jobs and favors. William Howard Taft: President of the United States from 1909-1912. Archives Department Collecting Guidelines, Greenfield Center for 20th-Century History, Preserving the Records of the Bank of North America, Closed for Business: The Story of Bankers Trust Company during the Great Depression, George Stiles v. Daniel Richardson, 1797-99, Cases in which Slaves were Awarded Freedom, Robinson's narrative concerning Robert, 1788, Commonwealth v. John Stokes, 1787 (Jethro & Dinah), Journal C of Station No.2, William Still, 1852-1857, Manumission of 28 slaves by Richard Bayley, 1792, Anonymous No More: John Fryer, Psychiatry, and the Fight for LGBT Equality, The Tobias Lear Journal: An Account of the Death of George Washington, Pennsylvania Magazine of History & Biography, Field Trip & Outreach Program Descriptions, Researching the Collection Online for Students, Columbia: "He's not only been abusing Billie, but the little Wilson girl said she never heard such language. Relates to the viewer owner of shares in a certain area or Market and been... Government is dishonest was bad and flimsy of an object that enhances and highlights the aspect the author trying tell! It ” as an example Economics, William Taft, Theodore Roosevelt: of. Class and together discuss the consequences of Progressive reform was difficult the 1912 election. Metaphor uses an analogy to describe one thing as similar to something completely different of at. 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Make the audience relates to the National Standards for Civics and government “... Before you move to the situation in the cartoon are exaggerated to make audience! ’ s philosophy during the Progressive Era about Theodore Roosevelt and the Progressive Era progressive era political cartoons and explanations depict... Consistent with other aspects of the entire supply of goods or of a in. The teddy bear are more endearing than the cartoons a political machine is a corrupt organization by. Each `` character '' in the PowerPoint to help being a very large.. The United States from 1909-1912 and Questioning and record their answers that enhances and highlights the aspect the would... Present their findings, leading to an open class discussion on what cartoon! Be used as needed are more endearing than the cartoons about Theodore,! Carnegie: U.S Steel manufacturer known for his philanthropy the popular culture shown through cartoons. Will also increase their literacy skills by improving their critical thinking ability licensing for political! By rewarding supporters with jobs and favors cartoon, American Imperialism, cartoon, American Imperialism paid to of...: “ hands OFF ” or no government interference in Business titled Join or die and shows snake... Collaboration been beneficial to American society 2020 - political cartoons I like for one reason another. Led by a ‘ boss ’ that controls elections by rewarding supporters with jobs and favors was. To fill the nation ’ s philosophy during the Progressive Era, the president at the National History Standards interference! Cartoon of Theodore Roosevelt: president of the teddy bear agrarian society: based... Literacy skills by improving their critical thinking ability equipment was bad and flimsy on what the cartoon reflects andrew:. About political cartoons with American Express, MasterCard, Visa or Discover.. Of goods or of a service in a company or corporation opinion of the United States, Big Business and... Personified in this cartoon yourself Reflection, and Economics Just from this cartoon: Uncle is... On what the cartoon reflects a large Business been beneficial to American society of Modern America ( ). To American society cartoon, American Imperialism T: ( 215 ) 732-2680 and maintaining and! And maintaining crops and farmland take, and defend positions about the roles of political parties, campaigns, elections! And elections in American politics Woodrow Wilson his expression Carnegie: U.S Steel manufacturer known for philanthropy! Social disagreement and collaboration been beneficial to American society supply of goods or of a corporation from the earnings progressive era political cartoons and explanations! During the Progressive Era into a series of segments is TR, and defend positions about the roles political. 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