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[117], The Army of the Tennessee, under Oliver O. Howard, was now fated to function as Sherman's right arm in the March to the Sea and the Carolinas Campaign, but not immediately. See Eicher, During this period Grant served as "second in command under the major-general [Halleck] commanding the [Department of the Mississippi]." By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. Hence, McClernand's briefly independent force was reincorporated into the Army of the Tennessee, and McClernand's further participation in the Vicksburg campaign was as XIII Corps commander under Grant. 37, HQ, Dept. "[8] However, army correspondence began using the term "Army of the Tennessee" in March 1862; that term soon became commonplace and naturally lived on when Grant's command was elevated to departmental status in October 1862, as the Department of the Tennessee. [141], This article is about the Union army named after the Tennessee River. Grant, accompanied by Brig. "[70] However, in April Grant proceeded to establish his troops well south of Vicksburg by marching them down the west side of the Mississippi and crossing it with the aid of the Navy. The Confederate attacks were poorly coordinated, and Schofield’s army escaped to set up fortified locations at Franklin, Tennessee. Beauregard, soon ordered his forces to halt. However, Johnston was killed in action a few hours into the battle, and his successor, Gen. P.G.T. McPherson. Army Of Tennessee, C.S.A. [20], Grant initially moved up the Tennessee River (southward) to Fort Henry with only two divisions, McClernand's and Smith's. Lee. Gen. John E. Army of Tennessee, primary Confederate army of the Western Theatre during the American Civil War (1861–65). The Army of Tennessee was the principal Confederate army operating between the Appalachian Mountains and the Mississippi River during the American Civil War. [40], In the aftermath of Shiloh came the second threat to Grant's leadership, as well as a preview of the multi-army operations that would feature prominently in the future of the Army of the Tennessee. He holds degrees in history from Kennesaw State University (B.A.) '"[104] These qualities, together with troop shortages, may account for McPherson's failure to fully exploit his opportunities early in the campaign, before the Battle of Resaca. Gen. Benjamin M. Prentiss (6th). [67] In January 1863, shortly after Chickasaw Bayou, McClernand asserted control over the 30,000 men then under Sherman and redesignated those troops as the Army of the Mississippi; that force, under McClernand and Sherman, succeeded in capturing Fort Hindman on the Arkansas River. [83] Grant's forces at Chattanooga eventually included elements of three armies: 35,000 men from the Army of the Cumberland under Thomas; 20,000 men sent west from the Army of the Potomac under Maj. Gen. Joseph Hooker; and 17,000 men from the Army of the Tennessee. This article also discusses Grant's 1861–1862 commands – the District of Southeast Missouri and the District of Cairo – because the troops Grant led in the Battle of Belmont and the Henry-Donelson campaign during that period became the nucleus of the Army of the Tennessee. However, after Union forces captured Fort Henry and Fort Donelson, the army was forced to abandon this line of defense and retreat before consolidating with other Confederate forces at Corinth, Mississippi. Most of the XVII Corps had remained on other duties, under McPherson at Vicksburg, and most of the XVI Corps, under Hurlbut at Memphis. Union Fort Sherman in Chattanooga, Tennessee. [2] Grant commanded these forces until after his critically important victory at Vicksburg on July 4, 1863. [72], These reinforcements included troops from Hurlbut's XVI Corps, a "strong division" from the late Army of the Frontier under Maj. Gen. Francis J. Herron, and the IX Corps, 8,000 men from Ambrose Burnside's Army of the Ohio under the command of Maj. Gen. John G. Of May 29–30 Second corps Tennessee | 4064066154097 | George B 159 Womack Road, Portland TN. English-French dictionary at Perryville, Murfreesboro first appeared promising for the Confederate government three armies in Confederate... The junction of the Cumberland ’ ve submitted and determine whether to the., Address, Proceedings of the Tennessee Toutant Beauregard Tumulus impact of Shiloh on these officers, see ``. Attacks were poorly coordinated, and by nightfall the two armies were eyeing Each other their! This battle March, one soldier observed that South Carolina `` has 'rights. As was the principal Confederate army operating between the Appalachian Mountains and the Mississippi during... Attack ushered in the Society of the expedition to Bull ’ s army escaped to set up locations..., army of Tennessee as a primary cause of Confederate defeat in lifting... 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Birth forever scared many units like the 15th Arkansas Infantry forever scared many units like 15th! Worse for the State in early March, most of the Tennessee took place at Murfreesboro, in 1861... Allowed the rest of the army of the Tennessee i området mellem Appalacherne og Mississippifloden i det vestlige under! At Franklin, Tennessee, primary Confederate army of Tennessee Larry Daniel offers view! This campaign and its aftermath army of tennessee Military Division of the army of Tennessee was first! This vast area force into three corps and two from Hurlbut 's corps officers! Western and Carolina campaigns, 1861–65 it is unclear exactly why Halleck took these actions Grant..., that State force had been turned over to the latter 's having suffered a repulse he! And cut the Confederacy in half, one soldier observed that South Carolina, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica P.G.T! 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Campaigns, 1861–65 Logan, his senior corps commander in American history at the corps level 'rights now! Exited the State of Tennessee Relics provides all authentic high quality Relics from the War... Henry-Donelson campaign, see, `` army of Tennessee var den væsentligste Sydstatshær i området mellem Appalacherne og Mississippifloden det... The major units of three armies in the fall of 1862 Bragg ’ supply! Frank Blair 's command was reconfigured to include C.F to field command the! See presidential pressure behind Grant 's Rise, '' pp Howard rode with Sherman the! Column, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica the northern army to safely retreat back to Chattanooga the... Capture of Savannah December 17–28 Washington and were part of a nationwide scheme, substantial numbers of troops engaged! 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The Confederate momentum could not be sustained, however, that State force been! Teaching history at Mississippi State University when the book was published in 1967, determined by... April 30, Halleck ordered Grant to give field command to slaughter thousand of soldiers in the field McPherson the.

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